Our attitude determines the destination: an Eritrean cry

By Desale Okubamichael
dessu81 (AT) gmail (DOT) com

The euphoria

During our long and tortuous history, our attitude made us win, and it made us lose. We feel both the successes and the losses deep in our hearts.

The achievement of independence in 1991 was a miracle. All the heroism and determination that went into winning caused an awesome feeling. The joy and the celebration are printed in my memory. It was a once-in-a-lifetime experience.

Most Eritreans had great hope for the future at that time. We trusted the EPLF fighters as our gods. I thought they would turn Eritrea into a peaceful and prosperous country. I thought Eritreans would be equally rich.

But I had no understanding of democracy, diplomatic relationships, or economic policies — I had no clue about the external world. I thought everybody was an enemy of Eritrea and everyone was either a past or a potential coloniser. The one thing I was sure of was that Eritrea’s time had come and Eritreans would be free forever and own their future.

The fighters were so exciting to watch: wearing simple shorts and shirts, strapping on their web belts, cleaning their guns with skill, and dutifully following instructions from their commanders. Members from all of Eritrea’s nine ethnic groups looked the same in those uniforms and seemed to be in harmony with each other: men, women, Muslims, Christians, the educated and the uneducated ready to give their best and die for their people if needed. The freedom feeling and the song “Wesede Ayay B’al Sere” are still fresh in my memory.

What could go wrong under these fighters and their leadership? Continue reading

Eritrea and the left

Louis Proyect: The Unrepentant Marxist

Dawit Isaak: in an Eritrean prison since 2001 without ever being tried

A couple of articles in yesterday’s NY Times caught my eye. The first was titled “U.N. Accuses Eritrea’s Leaders of Crimes Against Humanity” and claimed that an inquiry had found government officials guilty of enslavement, imprisonment and disappearances, torture, rape and murder. The second was titled “Eritrean Accused of Trafficking Migrants Is Captured in Sudan, Italy Says” and identified him as the head of a smuggling ring responsible for 359 deaths when a vessel capsized off the Italian island of Lampedusa in 2013. Today’s NY Times has a follow-up article that says that the wrong man might have been arrested but there is no doubt about the fact that a boat did capsize and that 359 people drowned.

Looking at the original report on the tragic accident (homicide more exactly), it states that most of the passengers were…

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ሕቡራት ሃገራት ገበናት ኣንጻር ሰብኣውነት ኣብ ኤርትራ ረኺቡ።

Access article in English or French from OHCHR website.

ካብ ናይ ሕቡራት ሃገራት ዌብሳይት ዝተወስደ ጽሑፍ።

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Geneva (8 June 2016)

ገበናት ኣንጻር ሰብኣውነት (Crimes against humanity)፡ ብዝሰፍሐን ሜላውን መልክዕ ኣብ ናይ ኤርትራ መዳጎኒ ማእከላት፡ ወተሃደራዊ መሰልጠኒ ማእከላት ከምኡ ውን ኣብ ካልኦት ቦታታት እታ ሃገር ኣብ ውሽጢ ዝሓለፋ 25 ዓመታት ተፈጺሞም፡ ብመሰረት ረቡዕ ዝተዘርግሐ ሓድሽ ጸብጻብ ናይ ሕ.ሃ. ኮምሽን ምጽራይ ሰብኣዊ መሰላት ኤርትራ።

ገበናት ባርነት፡ ማእሰርቲ፡ ግዱድ ምስዋር፡ መስቀይቲ፡ ምግፋዕ፡ ጾታዊ ዓመጽ፡ ቅትለትን ካልኦት ኢሰብኣዊ ተግባራትን፡ ከም ኣካል ናይ ሰፊሕን ሜላውን ወፍሪ  ኣብ ህዝቢ ራዕዲ ንምዝራእ፡ ተቓውሞ ህዝቢ ንምግታእን መወዳእትኡ ድማ ንናይ ኤርትራ ሲቪላዊ ህዝቢ ኣብ ትሕቲ ቁጽጽር ንምእታውን ካብ 1991 ዓ.ም ማለት ኤርትራውያን ሰበ-ስልጣናት ቁጽጽር መሬት ኤርትራ ምስ ተረከቡ፡ ዝተፈጸሙ እዮም፡  ይብል እቲ ጸብጻብ።

ኤርትራ፡ መላኺ መንግስቲ ዘለዋ ሃገር እያ። ኣብ ኤርትራ፡ ነጻ ፈራዲ ኣካል የለን፡ ሃገራዊ ባይቶ የለን፡ ካልኦት ዲሞክራስያውያን ናይ ምሕደራ ኣካላት ውን የለዋን። ካብዚ ናይ ምሕደራን ግዝኣተ ሕግን ባዶነት ዝመንጨወ ናይ ዘይተሓታትነት ሃዋህው ድማ ነቶም ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ርብዒ ዘመን ዝተፈጸሙ ገበናት ኣንጻር ሰብኣውነት ኣኽኢሉ። “እዞም ገበናት ሎሚ ውን የጋጥሙ ኣለው፡” ኢሉ ማይክ ስሚዝ፡ ኣቦ-መንበር ኮምሽን ምጽራይ።

“ናይ ኤርትራ ስርዓተ-ፍርዲ፡ ንገበነኛታት ብርትዓውን ግሉጽን መንገዲ ተሓተትቲ ክገብሮም እዩ ዝብል ርጉጽ ተስፋ የሎን።     ፈጸምቲ እዞም ገበናት ኣብ ሕጊ ክቐርቡ ኣለዎም፡ ድምጺ ናይ ግዳያት ድማ ክስማዕ ኣለዎ። ማሕበረ-ሰብ ዓለም ሕጂ ስጉምቲ ክወስድ ይግብኦ፡ እንተላይ ንኣህጉራዊ ቤት-ፍርዲ ገበነኛታት (ICC)፡ ን ኣብ ቤት-ፍርድታት ሃገራቶም ዘለዉ ሕጋጋትን ካልኦት ኣገባባትን  ብምጥቃም፡ ተሓታትነት ናይቶም ኣብ ኤርትራ ዝፍጸሙ ዘለዉ ግፍዕታት መታን ክረጋግጽ፡” ክብል ስሚዝ ጠቒሱ።

እቲ ጸብጻብ፡  “ኤርትራውያን፡ ኣደዳ ገደብ-ዘይብሉ ሃገራዊ ኣገልግሎት፡ ሃውራዊ ማእሰርቲ፡ ብሰንኪ ብህሎኣዊ ገበን ኣባላት ስድራ ዝወርዱ ሕኒ-ሕነኣዊ ስጉምትታት፡ ኣድልዎ ብሰንኪ ሃይማኖትን ብሄርን፡ ጾታዊ ዓመጽን ጾታ-ዝመበገሲኦም ዓመጻትን መቕተልትን ኮይኖም ይቕጽሉ ከም ዘለዉ፡” ብተወሳኺ የብርህ።

ገደብ-ኣልቦ ፕሮግራማት ወተሃደራዊ/ሃገራዊ ኣገልግሎት ብተደጋጋሚ ብኤርትራውያን ከም ቀንዲ ጠንቂ ካብታ ሃገር ምህዳሞም ይጥቀሱ። ኣብ 2015, 47,025 ኤርትራውያን ኣብ ኤውሮፓ ዑቕባ ሓቲቶም። ብዙሓት ካብኣቶም፡ ነቲ ሓደገኛ ጉዕዞ መዲተራኒያን ብሰንኮፍ ጃልባታት፡ ብደላሎ ሰባት እንዳተመዝመዙ፡ ድሕነት ንምድላይ ዝሰገሩ እዮም።

እቲ ጸብጻብ ብምውሳኽ፡ ብ ሰነ 2015 ኣብ ዝተዘርግሐ ቀዳማይ ጸብጻብ ኮምሽን ምጽራይ ተሰኒዶም ዝነበሩ ኩነታት ሰብኣዊ መሰላት ዝኾነ ምምሕያሽ ከም ዘይተራእየ ይምልከት።

እቲ ጸብጻብ “ፍሉያት ውልቀ-ሰባት፡ እንተላይ ኣብ ዝለዓለ ጽፍሒ እታ ሃገር ዝርከቡ ሰበ-ስልጣናት መንግስቲ፡ እታ ኣብ መሪሕነት ትርከብ ሰልፊ – ህዝባዊ ግንባር ንደሞክራስን ፍትሕን (ህ.ግ.ደ.ፍ.) – ከምኡ ውን ኣዘዝቲ ሰራዊት፡ ተሰከምቲ ሓላፍነት ናይቲ ገበናት ኣንጻር ሰብኣውነትን ካልኦት ግሉሓት ግህሰታት ሰብኣዊ መሰላትን ምዃኖም፡” የለሊ።

እቲ ጸብጻብ ቀጺሉ፡ “ቤት-ጽሕፈት ሃገራዊ ድሕነት ተሰካሚ ሓላፍነት ናይ መብዛሕኦም ጉዳያት ሃውራዊ ማእሰርቲ፡ ግዱድ ማሕዩርን መስቀይቲ ኣብ ወግዓውያንን ዘይወግዓውያንን መዳጎኒ ማእከላትን እዩ፡” ይብል።

ኮምሽን፡ ኣብ ልዕሊ ዝቑጸሩ ውልቀ-ሰባት፡ ተሰከምቲ ሓላፍነት ናይ ገበናት ኣንጻር ሰብኣውነት ምዃኖም ንምእማን ርትዓዊ ምኽንያት ዘለና፡ ጸብጻብ መርትዖ ሰኒዳ ኣላ። እቲ መርትዖ፡ ኣብ ምዱብ ግዜኡ ንዝምልከተን ኣካላት ምሕደራ ክፉት ክግበር እዩ፡ እንተላይ ንቤት-ፍርድታት ሕጊ፡ ጽኑዕ መምርሒታት ምሕላው ድሕነት ናይ መሰኻኽር ብምኽታል፥ መታን ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ፍትሒ ከም ዝረክብ ንምርግጋጽ።

መሰረት እቶም ኣብዚ ጸብጻብ ተገሊጾም ዘለዉ ኣገባባት ኣካይዳ፡ 833 ቃለ-ምስክርነታት ብኤርትራውያን ከምኡ ውን 160 ጽሑፋት ደብዳቤታት፡ ኣብ ቀዳማይ ገጽ ስራሕ ኮምሽን ምጽራይ፡ ካብ ፍርቂ-2014 ክሳዕ ፍርቂ-2015፡ ዝተቐበልናዮም እዮም።

ኮምሽን፡ ካልኣይ መርመራኣ እናካየደት ኣስታት 45,000 ደብዳቤታት ተቐቢላ። ዝበዝሑ ካብዚኦም፡ ንናይ ኮምሽን ቀዳማይ ጸብጻብ ዝነቕፉ ብእኩብ ዝተጻሕፉ ደብዳቤታትን ጥርዓናትን እዮም።

እዞም ደብዳቤታት፡ ሓባራዊ ቴማታትን ተመሳሳሊ ትሕዝቶን ዘለዎም ኮይኖም፡ ቀጥታዊ ውጽኢት ናይ ብመንግስቲ ዝተጠርነፈ ነቲ ምጽራይ ንምጽላም ዝዓለመ ዘመተ እዮም። ዝተማልአ ትንተና እዞም ደብዳቤታት ድሕሪ ምክያድ፡ ኮምሽን፡ ንመርመራታታ ዝምልከት ጭቡጥ ሓበሬታ ከም ዘይምልኡ ደምዲማ።

እቲ ጸብጻብ፡ “እቲ ኣብ ኤርትራ ሳሕቲ ንዝበጽሕን ነቶም ኣብ ክፋላት እታ ርእሰ-ከተማ ዝተሓጽሩን ብግህዶ ዝረኣይ ግዳማዊ መልክዕ ህድኣትን ንቡርነትን፡ ምስቶም ብቐጻልነት ዝረኣዩ ከበድቲ ግህሰታት ሰብኣዊ መሰላት ዝገራጮ እዩ፡” ይብል።

እቲ ጸብጻብ ብምቕጻል፡ “እቶም ብ ኮምሽን ተሰኒዶም ዘለዉ ኣብ ኤርትራ ዝተፈጸሙ ዓይነታት ግሉሕ ግህሰታት ሰብኣዊ መሰላት … ኣብ ጽርግያታት ኣስመራ ኣይኮኑን ዝፍጸሙ፡ እንታይ ደኣ? ኣብ ድሕሪ ሽፋን መናድቕ መዳጎኒ ማእከላትን ወተሃደራዊ መሰልጠኒ ማእከላትን። መስቀይትን ጾታዊ ዓመጽን ከም ንቡር ኣብ ክፉት ዝፍጸሙ ገበናት ኣይኮኑን፡” ይብል።

ሽሕ’ኳ ናብ መንግስቲ ኤርትራ ሕቶ እንተቕረበት፡ ኮምሽን ናብ ኤርትራ ንኽትኣቱ ፍቓድ ኣይረኸበትን። ኮምሽን፡ ናብ ኤርትራ በጺሓ ዝደሓረ ርኽበታታን ርእይቶታታን ብቐጥታ ናብ መንግስቲ ኤርትራ ከተቕርብ ድልውነታ ተረጋግጽ።

ተፈጸመ

Leaked document show government estimates over half a million will sign petition denouncing UN human rights report on Eritrea

An Eritrean whistleblower that goes by the name Samuel has recently started publishing leaked government documents through a Facebook page: SACTISM: Classified documents of the dwindling PFDJ.

On April 20, SACTISM posted a seven-page document, in Tigrinya language, of a letter by Eritrean Ministry of Foreign Affairs detailing a government plan to collect over 300,000 signatures from Eritreans for a petition that denounces the UN Commission of Inquiry and its ‘fabricated’ reports.

The letter, dated 12th of April 2016, is addressed to “All Eritrean missions” and to “Eritrean consulates in Canada and Australia” with copies to “(1) Coordinating committee; (2) Coordinator of Action Europe, Ambassador Fisehatsion Petros; and (3) Eritrean permanent representative to the UN, Ambassador Ghirma Asmerom

The letter urges the responsible to collect signatures starting from 16th of April until 27th of May 2016 and fulfill their respective country’s “quota“. The document lists 25 countries including the Scandinavia region and sets the target number of signatures for the petition.

graph32

Target numbers of signatures to collect from Eritrean citizens residing abroad from the leaked government letter.

These numbers are perhaps indicative of the number of Eritreans in those countries (most of them as refugees or political asylees), and the level of influence and leverage the government believes it has on its citizens residing in each country.

The document details that this ‘drive’ is overseen by a certain “Global Eritrean Action for Justice” and all reports and copies of petitions are to be sent to it via email (eritreanglobalmekete@gmail.com). The letter also indicates that a peaceful rally will be held in relation to this petition sometime between 21st and 23rd of June.

Perhaps an interesting point is when the letter explains how the ‘drive’ will be mobilized. It indicates that “every citizen will take the petition form and collect signatures from their neighbors, friends, workmates and so on.” furthermore it indicates that during this mobilization, citizens will be “helped by groups, organizations and unions who will be leading the action.” It will be curious to know who those groups, organizations and unions are since most government organizations claim they are mere civic organizations with no political affiliation to Eritrean regime. In fact, in a recent well-publicized case, a member of one such Eritrean organization sued a Dutch professor for defamation because she claimed he has association with the Eritrean government (details of the incident here and here).

This also suggests that the signatures will be collected in a similar manner the 2% ‘diaspora tax’ is collected and Eritrean refugees are forced to sign a ‘letter of regret’ at Eritrean embassies and consulates. That is, through extortion.

The petition form reads:

“We, the undersigned reject the fabricated Reports of the Commission of Inquiry and the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights situation in Eritrea and request immediate nullification of the Reports and termination of their mandates, and instead promote constructive engagement!”

petition

The petition form. Appendix 2 of the leaked document

 

A copy of the leaked document, which is written in Tigrinya language, can be downloaded here: Government_Petition2016_leak

Isaias Afewerki hides behind the term ‘Shaebia’: a selfless servant of the system

As the leader of an authoritarian government, president Isaias Afewerki is responsible for everything his government does. This is one of those very few facts that everyone agrees on — his supporters and opponents.

In spite of this fact, it is not normal for Eritreans to refer to the political system or the ‘era’ of its rule by the supreme leader (like you would for similar dictators like Mengistu or Idi Amin) or at least by its party name (like you would for the Ethiopian Derg or the ‘communists’). Eritreans refer to their system by an abstract name that attributes to the government’s political ideology–which itself is very abstract. The term ‘Shaebia‘ is the natural way of referring to their government. For example, you would caution a friend saying “Shaebia don’t like that.”; you would speak of a government supporter as “She is Shaebia.”; who killed him? “Shaebia killed him.”

Some people try to equate Shaebia with PFDJ, the ruling party, hoping to avoid controversies associated with the pre-independence elements of the current government (which is a hot potato issue and should be avoided whenever possible). But PFDJ does not feel right, and it does not cover the many ways the term ‘Shaebia’ is used. For instance, in the example above it would not be appropriate to say someone is PFDJ. PFDJ is the bureaucracy, it does not represent the ‘spirit’ of the government.

Let me elaborate this point with a true story from 2003 (or was it 2004). A sympathetic military police (MP) was escorting my friend to jail. My friend had publicly confronted a person in a cafe who reported on his brother’s whereabouts to the government that led to his brother’s arrest. A military officer heard of the confrontation and ordered the MP to take my friend to jail (a very normal Eritrean story so far). With a compassionate tone, the MP that was escorting my friend said, “You shouldn’t have done that friend, you don’t do that with Shaebia, they don’t tolerate such things.” My friend angrily replied, “who is Shaebia? is that you? you’re the one taking me to jail. Is it your commanding officer? his boss? who?”. The poor MP muttered with a deep thought for a while and struggling to find the right words he replied, “I don’t think it’s my boss or anything like that, Shaebia is…Shaebia is the spirit.”

“PFDJ is the bureaucracy, it does not represent the ‘spirit’ of the government.”

When discussing Eritrean politics and oppression, people who have not lived in Eritrea may think ‘Isaias Afewerki’, ‘the dictator’. People in Eritrea simply think ‘Shaebia’.

This line of thinking is significant because it hides Isaias Afewerki, the dictator, and obscures the personality cult that is pretty much there.  Isaias Afewerki has successfully managed to make himself invisible behind the Shaebia ‘concept’. In fact, Isaias Afewerki is simply a humble servant of the Shaebia. The appeal supporters and sympathizers see in Isaias Afewerki are that he is, apparently, a selfless servant of ‘the system’. He is a true Shaebia.

To the everyday Eritrean, using the phrases ‘PFDJ’, ‘Higidef’ or ‘DIA’ are as strange as referring to super PACs as ‘independent-expenditure only committees’. More accurate but it is as confusing and non-intuitive as the wordings in Facebook’s Terms and Conditions.

“Shaebia is an amorphous collage of things.”

Saebi

Shaebia is an amorphous collage of things.

ሓደሽቲ ስውኣት ፦ መንግቲ ኣብ ማእከል ኣስመራ ሰብ ይቐትል

ዝሓለፈ ሰንበት፡ 3 ሚያዝያ፡ መንግስትና ካብ ኣገልሎት (ግዱድ ዕስክና) ከምልጡ ኢሎም ካብ ተሰቒሎመን ዝነበሩ ናይጽዕነት መኪና ዘሊሎም ክሃድሙ ንዝፈተኑ መንእሰያት፡ ከምቲ ኣብ ዶባት ኤርትራ ዝገብርዎ፡ ብብረት ተኩሶም ሰብ ከም ዝጎድኡን፡ ካብቶም ዝተጎድኡ ድማ ዝሞቱ ከምዘለው ውን ብዝተፈላለየ ምንጭታት ክንገር ቀንዩ።

ጋዜጠኛ ማርቲን ፕላውት፡ ካብ ውሽጢ ኤርትራ ብዝረኸቦ ሓበሬታ  መሰረት፡ ክሳዕ ሕጂ ዝተፈልጠ 29 ሰባት ከም ዝጎድኡ፡ ካብኣቶም ሽዱሽተ ብቕጽበት ክሞቱ ከለዉ ካልኦት 5 ድማ ኣብ ሕክምና ከምዝሞቱ፣ እቶም ዝተረፉ ድማ ኣብ ‘ሆስፒታል’፡ ኣብ ትሕቲ ጽኑዕ ሓለዋ ከምዘለዉ ሓቢሩ። ማርቲን ኣብ ጽሑፉ ናይቶም ዝሞቱ ናይ ኩሎም ኣስማት ኣለኒ፡ ቤተሰብ ክሳዕ ዘይተርኡ ግና፡ ናይቶም ቤተሰቦም ዝተረድኡ ጥራይ ክነግርየ ብምባል ናይ ክልተ መንነት ገሊጹ፡ ንሳቶም ድማ፦

  1. ጨዓይ ሃብተስላሴ ገብረመስቀል — ኣብኡ፡ ኣቶ ሃብተስላሴ፡ ኣብ ዓዲ ጓዕዳድ ዝቕመጡ ናይ እንዳ ዓለባ ሰራሕተኛ ‘ዮም።
  2. ያፍየት ፍስሃየ መንገሻ — ኣብኡ ኣቶ ፍስሃየ ኣብ ማይተመናይ ዝቕመጡ ኮይኖም ምስ መጎዓዝያ ዝተተሓሓዘ ስራሕ ‘ዮም ዝሰርሑ።

እዞም ክልተ መወትቲ ካብቶም ክሃድሙ ክብሉ ዝተቐትሉ ኣይኮኑን፡ ኣብቲ እዋን’ቲ ኣብቲ ከባቢ ስለ ዝነበሩ ዝተለከሙ ግለሰባትዮም።

ካብቶም ተጎዲኦም ኣብ ሕክምና ዘለው 18 ሰባት ድማ፡ ናይ 10 ሰባት ኣስማቶም ከምዚ ዝስዕብ ይዝርዝር፦

  1. ዳዊት ሚካኤል
  2. ኣብራሃም ፍሰሃ
  3. ሃብቶም ግርማይ
  4. መድሃኔ ገብረመድህን
  5. ቢንያም ዘርኣይ
  6. ዮናስ ጠዓመ
  7. ሰዓረ ወልዳይ
  8. ዮናታን ዓንደሚካኤል
  9. ባሲልዮስ ዘምህረት
  10. ሳሙኤል ተክኤ

ናብቲ ኣርእስቲ ጽሑፈይ ክመለስ፡ መንግስትና ነቶም ብግፍዒ ዝቐተሎም ግለሰባት “ስውኣት” ብምባል’ዩ ክጽውዖም፡ እዚ ድማ’ዩ ዝገርም ነገር። ብመሰረት መንግስትና ነቶም ግዳያቶ “ስውኣት” ይብሎም፡ ከም ኡ ድማ ነቶም ምስ መንግስቲ ኮይኖም ሰብ ዝቐትሉ ኣብ ዝሞቱላ መ ዓልቲ “ስውኣት” ይብሎም። ቀታሊን ተቐታልን ስው ኣት ዮም። ዘስደምም።

እዚ ድሕሪ ሞትካ ዝወሃብ ናይ “መስዋእቲ” ሽመት፡ ንመንግስትና ኣዝዩ ‘ዩ ዝጠቕሞ። ማለት ቤተሰብ ግዳያት-መንግስቲ፡ ወገኖም ከም ገበነኛ፡ ከም ሓደ ዓማጺ ሰብ ብኢድ መንግስቲ ተቐቲሉ ክነሱ፣ መንግስትና ብወገኑ፡ ብዘዕባ’ቲ ዝቐተልዎ ከም ሓደ ምስ ኦም ዝነበረ፡ ከም መሳርሕቶም ቆጺሮም “ስውእ” ይብልዎ። በዚ ኸምዚ፡ ነቲ ክፉእ ስርሖምን ነቲ ብከንቱ ዝጠፍኤ ህይወትን ከነኣእስዎ ይሕግዞም። ወረ ምንእኣስ ጥራይ ኣይኮነን፡ “ጅግና”፡ “ሓበን”፡ ወዘተረፈ ቃላት ኢናተጠቀሙ… ካብኡ ሓሊፉምውን “ ሕድሪ ሰማእታት” እናበሉ ነቲ ዝገበርዎ ገበን ምንእኣሱ ጥራይ ዘይኮነስ፡ ካብኡ ሓሊፎም ንዕኦምሓደ ጠቓሚ ባእታ ገይሮምዎ ‘ዮም። በዚ መሰረት ሓደ ዓሰርተ ወይ ዕስራ ‘ስውኣት’ እንተወሰኹ፡ ንመንግስትና ይጠቕሞም እምበር ኣይጎድኦ ምንይ’ዩ።

Martyrs

ዐሰርቱ ትእዛዛት ሻዕብያ

  1. ካብ መግዛእቲ ዘውጻእኩኻ፡ ኣነ ኣምላኽካ እየ። ኣብ ቅድመይ ካልኦት ኣማልኽቲ ኣይሀልዉኻ።
  2. ፓርቲ ዘበለን ንርእስኻ ኣይትግበር። ብዝኾነ ምኽንያት ኣይትጠርነፍ፡ ኣይትተኣከብ።
  3. ስም ስውኣት ብኸንቱ ኣይተልዕል።
  4. ሃገራዊ ብዓላት ንኸተብዕል ሐልወን። ሰለስተን-ስሳን-ሰለስተን መዓልቲ ዕየ፣ ብዘይ ደሞዝ፣ ንሃገራዊ ብዓላት ግና ብሓጎስን ብጭፈራን ዘክረን።
  5. ኣብታ ምድሪ ዕድሜኻ ምእንቲ ኺነውሕ፡ ንሹማምንቲኻ ኣኽብር።
  6. ኣይትቕተል። እንተድልዩ ትሕቲ ብርኪ ተኩስ።
  7. ኣይትዘሙ። በዓል ስልጣን ኣይኮንካን።
  8. ኣይትስረቕ። ኩሉ ሃብቲን እታ መርየትን ንመንግስቲ እተቐደሰ’ዩ።
  9. ብሓሶት ኣይትመስክር። ናይ መርመራ ግዜ ከይናውሓካ።
  10. ዘይናትካ ዕረፍትን ሰላምን ኣይትመነ። ትምኒት ናይ ስግረዶብ ሓሳብ ትዘርእ እያ።

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ኣውሊዐይ ናበይ ከይዳ? — ስግረዶብ ይጥርጠር።

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ኣውሊዐይ ናበይ ከይዳ?

እታ እንኮ ሓላፍነታ ኣብ ማእከል ባንዴራና ምህላው ዝኾነ ቆጽሊ ኣውሊዐይ፡ ቅንያቱ ንስራሕ ከም ዘይተቐልቀለት ተፈሊጡ። ሃገራዊ ግቡኣ ጠንጢና ብስግረዶብ ተሸሪባ ከይትኸውን ይጥርጠር።

ኣውሊዐይ ንኹላቶም ባእታታት ባንዴራ ኤርትራ ትቕድሞም እያ፣ ብግድምና ። እቶም ካብ ፈለማ 1950ታት ጀሚሮም ዝፈልጥዋ ከምዚ ናይ ሎሚ ብጫ ካይኮነት’ዮም ዝዝክርዋ።

ወግዓዊ መዝገባት መንግስቲ ኤርትራ ንጉዳይ ምቅይያር ሕብሪ ኣውሊዐይ ኣመልኪቶም ዝህብዎ መብርሂ የልቦን፡ ይኹን ምበር ገለገለ ሰባት ሕብራ ዝቐየረት ኣንጻር ውልቀመላኽነት ተቓውሞ’ዩ ዝብሉ ኣለው (ኣነ)። ብምረት’ያ ቐምሲላ እምበር ሕብራ ኣይቀየረትን ዝብሉ ውን ኣለዉ። እዚ ኾይኑ እቲ፡ ኣውሊዐይ ነዚ ሎሚ ዝቐምሰለ ተስፋ ኤርትራውያን ብግቡእ ትለብሶ።

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ሓደ ርብዒ መርየት ሓደ ርብዒ ባሕሪ፡ ክንዲ ክልቲኡ ዝከውን ዝፈሰሰ ደም።

ሓንሳብ ሓንሳብ ባንዴራና ትንቢታዊ መልእኽቲ ዝሓዘለት ኮይኑ ይስመዓኒ። ከምቲ ኣብ እዋን ስትራተጂካዊ ምዝላቕ፡ ኣብ 70ታት ኮይኖም ንናጽነት ዝተነበይዎ፡ ከምኡ ደኣ ኣብ 90ታት ኮይኖም ንሎሚ ተነብዮምልና ከይኮኑ? ሓደ ርብዒ ቆጽለዋይ (ሕርሻዊ መርየት)፡ ሓደ ርብዒ ሰመያዊ (ባሕሪና)፡ ክንዲ ክልቲኡ ዝኸውን ድማ ቀይሕ ፍሳስ ደም ኤርትራውያን።

ወረ እቲ ቆጽለዋይ ሕብራሲ፡ እቲ ኩሉ ኤርትራዊ ዝምነዮ ልሙዕ መርየት ኤውሮጳ ደኣ ኸይከውን? እቲ ሰመያዊ  ከኣ ነቲ ናብ ልሙዕ መርየት ክንበጽሕ ክንሰግሮ ዘሎና ባሕሪ መመልከተ። ኣብ ፈተነ ስግረዶብ ዝፈሰሰ ደም ውን ኣይወሓደን። ተነብዮምልና ብሓቂ።

Eritrean Official flag

ወግዓዊ ባንዴራ ኤርትራ (ካብ ፋይል)

 

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What’s really ‘inside Eritrea’? a comment on the misuse of Millennium Development Goals records by the BBC World News and others

Because the government does not allow journalists into the country, reporting is often done by interpreting “the signs” from a distance.

The recent European migrant crisis has added to the curiosity about the African state of Eritrea[1].

Eritreans make up a huge proportion of migrants to Europe. In 2015, one-fourth of the migrants to reach Italy by boat were Eritreans[2]. These numbers are alarming given the population size of Eritrea. Eritrean population, estimated at six million, is only a fraction of the other top migrant-producing countries to Europe.

The suffering of Eritreans is an internationally well-recognized fact[3]. Migrants from Eritrea and Syria are the only two nationalities that have over 90 per cent asylum recognition rate in EU states[4]. This means the EU recognizes nine out of ten migrant from Eritrea as legitimate refugees that need protection from their own country. Continue reading