ውልቀመለኽቲ ብዘይ ናይ’ቲ ዝገዝእዎ ህዝቢ ሓገዝ ስልጣ ክዕቅብዎ አይኽእሉን እዮም”

“ውልቀመለኽቲ [ከምበዓል ኢሳይያስ ኣፈወርቂ] ብዘይ ናይ’ቲ ዝገዝእዎ ህዝቢ ሓገዝ ስልጣን ክዕቅብዎ አይኽእሉን እዮም::

(ካብ “From Dictatorship to Democracy” ዘርእስታ: ብ ዳንኤል ረዘነ ናብ ትግርኛ ተተርጒማ ብ ናጻ ዝተዘርገሐት መጽሓፍ::)

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Eritrea and the left

Louis Proyect: The Unrepentant Marxist

Dawit Isaak: in an Eritrean prison since 2001 without ever being tried

A couple of articles in yesterday’s NY Times caught my eye. The first was titled “U.N. Accuses Eritrea’s Leaders of Crimes Against Humanity” and claimed that an inquiry had found government officials guilty of enslavement, imprisonment and disappearances, torture, rape and murder. The second was titled “Eritrean Accused of Trafficking Migrants Is Captured in Sudan, Italy Says” and identified him as the head of a smuggling ring responsible for 359 deaths when a vessel capsized off the Italian island of Lampedusa in 2013. Today’s NY Times has a follow-up article that says that the wrong man might have been arrested but there is no doubt about the fact that a boat did capsize and that 359 people drowned.

Looking at the original report on the tragic accident (homicide more exactly), it states that most of the passengers were…

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ሕቡራት ሃገራት ገበናት ኣንጻር ሰብኣውነት ኣብ ኤርትራ ረኺቡ።

Access article in English or French from OHCHR website.

ካብ ናይ ሕቡራት ሃገራት ዌብሳይት ዝተወስደ ጽሑፍ።

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Geneva (8 June 2016)

ገበናት ኣንጻር ሰብኣውነት (Crimes against humanity)፡ ብዝሰፍሐን ሜላውን መልክዕ ኣብ ናይ ኤርትራ መዳጎኒ ማእከላት፡ ወተሃደራዊ መሰልጠኒ ማእከላት ከምኡ ውን ኣብ ካልኦት ቦታታት እታ ሃገር ኣብ ውሽጢ ዝሓለፋ 25 ዓመታት ተፈጺሞም፡ ብመሰረት ረቡዕ ዝተዘርግሐ ሓድሽ ጸብጻብ ናይ ሕ.ሃ. ኮምሽን ምጽራይ ሰብኣዊ መሰላት ኤርትራ።

ገበናት ባርነት፡ ማእሰርቲ፡ ግዱድ ምስዋር፡ መስቀይቲ፡ ምግፋዕ፡ ጾታዊ ዓመጽ፡ ቅትለትን ካልኦት ኢሰብኣዊ ተግባራትን፡ ከም ኣካል ናይ ሰፊሕን ሜላውን ወፍሪ  ኣብ ህዝቢ ራዕዲ ንምዝራእ፡ ተቓውሞ ህዝቢ ንምግታእን መወዳእትኡ ድማ ንናይ ኤርትራ ሲቪላዊ ህዝቢ ኣብ ትሕቲ ቁጽጽር ንምእታውን ካብ 1991 ዓ.ም ማለት ኤርትራውያን ሰበ-ስልጣናት ቁጽጽር መሬት ኤርትራ ምስ ተረከቡ፡ ዝተፈጸሙ እዮም፡  ይብል እቲ ጸብጻብ።

ኤርትራ፡ መላኺ መንግስቲ ዘለዋ ሃገር እያ። ኣብ ኤርትራ፡ ነጻ ፈራዲ ኣካል የለን፡ ሃገራዊ ባይቶ የለን፡ ካልኦት ዲሞክራስያውያን ናይ ምሕደራ ኣካላት ውን የለዋን። ካብዚ ናይ ምሕደራን ግዝኣተ ሕግን ባዶነት ዝመንጨወ ናይ ዘይተሓታትነት ሃዋህው ድማ ነቶም ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ርብዒ ዘመን ዝተፈጸሙ ገበናት ኣንጻር ሰብኣውነት ኣኽኢሉ። “እዞም ገበናት ሎሚ ውን የጋጥሙ ኣለው፡” ኢሉ ማይክ ስሚዝ፡ ኣቦ-መንበር ኮምሽን ምጽራይ።

“ናይ ኤርትራ ስርዓተ-ፍርዲ፡ ንገበነኛታት ብርትዓውን ግሉጽን መንገዲ ተሓተትቲ ክገብሮም እዩ ዝብል ርጉጽ ተስፋ የሎን።     ፈጸምቲ እዞም ገበናት ኣብ ሕጊ ክቐርቡ ኣለዎም፡ ድምጺ ናይ ግዳያት ድማ ክስማዕ ኣለዎ። ማሕበረ-ሰብ ዓለም ሕጂ ስጉምቲ ክወስድ ይግብኦ፡ እንተላይ ንኣህጉራዊ ቤት-ፍርዲ ገበነኛታት (ICC)፡ ን ኣብ ቤት-ፍርድታት ሃገራቶም ዘለዉ ሕጋጋትን ካልኦት ኣገባባትን  ብምጥቃም፡ ተሓታትነት ናይቶም ኣብ ኤርትራ ዝፍጸሙ ዘለዉ ግፍዕታት መታን ክረጋግጽ፡” ክብል ስሚዝ ጠቒሱ።

እቲ ጸብጻብ፡  “ኤርትራውያን፡ ኣደዳ ገደብ-ዘይብሉ ሃገራዊ ኣገልግሎት፡ ሃውራዊ ማእሰርቲ፡ ብሰንኪ ብህሎኣዊ ገበን ኣባላት ስድራ ዝወርዱ ሕኒ-ሕነኣዊ ስጉምትታት፡ ኣድልዎ ብሰንኪ ሃይማኖትን ብሄርን፡ ጾታዊ ዓመጽን ጾታ-ዝመበገሲኦም ዓመጻትን መቕተልትን ኮይኖም ይቕጽሉ ከም ዘለዉ፡” ብተወሳኺ የብርህ።

ገደብ-ኣልቦ ፕሮግራማት ወተሃደራዊ/ሃገራዊ ኣገልግሎት ብተደጋጋሚ ብኤርትራውያን ከም ቀንዲ ጠንቂ ካብታ ሃገር ምህዳሞም ይጥቀሱ። ኣብ 2015, 47,025 ኤርትራውያን ኣብ ኤውሮፓ ዑቕባ ሓቲቶም። ብዙሓት ካብኣቶም፡ ነቲ ሓደገኛ ጉዕዞ መዲተራኒያን ብሰንኮፍ ጃልባታት፡ ብደላሎ ሰባት እንዳተመዝመዙ፡ ድሕነት ንምድላይ ዝሰገሩ እዮም።

እቲ ጸብጻብ ብምውሳኽ፡ ብ ሰነ 2015 ኣብ ዝተዘርግሐ ቀዳማይ ጸብጻብ ኮምሽን ምጽራይ ተሰኒዶም ዝነበሩ ኩነታት ሰብኣዊ መሰላት ዝኾነ ምምሕያሽ ከም ዘይተራእየ ይምልከት።

እቲ ጸብጻብ “ፍሉያት ውልቀ-ሰባት፡ እንተላይ ኣብ ዝለዓለ ጽፍሒ እታ ሃገር ዝርከቡ ሰበ-ስልጣናት መንግስቲ፡ እታ ኣብ መሪሕነት ትርከብ ሰልፊ – ህዝባዊ ግንባር ንደሞክራስን ፍትሕን (ህ.ግ.ደ.ፍ.) – ከምኡ ውን ኣዘዝቲ ሰራዊት፡ ተሰከምቲ ሓላፍነት ናይቲ ገበናት ኣንጻር ሰብኣውነትን ካልኦት ግሉሓት ግህሰታት ሰብኣዊ መሰላትን ምዃኖም፡” የለሊ።

እቲ ጸብጻብ ቀጺሉ፡ “ቤት-ጽሕፈት ሃገራዊ ድሕነት ተሰካሚ ሓላፍነት ናይ መብዛሕኦም ጉዳያት ሃውራዊ ማእሰርቲ፡ ግዱድ ማሕዩርን መስቀይቲ ኣብ ወግዓውያንን ዘይወግዓውያንን መዳጎኒ ማእከላትን እዩ፡” ይብል።

ኮምሽን፡ ኣብ ልዕሊ ዝቑጸሩ ውልቀ-ሰባት፡ ተሰከምቲ ሓላፍነት ናይ ገበናት ኣንጻር ሰብኣውነት ምዃኖም ንምእማን ርትዓዊ ምኽንያት ዘለና፡ ጸብጻብ መርትዖ ሰኒዳ ኣላ። እቲ መርትዖ፡ ኣብ ምዱብ ግዜኡ ንዝምልከተን ኣካላት ምሕደራ ክፉት ክግበር እዩ፡ እንተላይ ንቤት-ፍርድታት ሕጊ፡ ጽኑዕ መምርሒታት ምሕላው ድሕነት ናይ መሰኻኽር ብምኽታል፥ መታን ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ፍትሒ ከም ዝረክብ ንምርግጋጽ።

መሰረት እቶም ኣብዚ ጸብጻብ ተገሊጾም ዘለዉ ኣገባባት ኣካይዳ፡ 833 ቃለ-ምስክርነታት ብኤርትራውያን ከምኡ ውን 160 ጽሑፋት ደብዳቤታት፡ ኣብ ቀዳማይ ገጽ ስራሕ ኮምሽን ምጽራይ፡ ካብ ፍርቂ-2014 ክሳዕ ፍርቂ-2015፡ ዝተቐበልናዮም እዮም።

ኮምሽን፡ ካልኣይ መርመራኣ እናካየደት ኣስታት 45,000 ደብዳቤታት ተቐቢላ። ዝበዝሑ ካብዚኦም፡ ንናይ ኮምሽን ቀዳማይ ጸብጻብ ዝነቕፉ ብእኩብ ዝተጻሕፉ ደብዳቤታትን ጥርዓናትን እዮም።

እዞም ደብዳቤታት፡ ሓባራዊ ቴማታትን ተመሳሳሊ ትሕዝቶን ዘለዎም ኮይኖም፡ ቀጥታዊ ውጽኢት ናይ ብመንግስቲ ዝተጠርነፈ ነቲ ምጽራይ ንምጽላም ዝዓለመ ዘመተ እዮም። ዝተማልአ ትንተና እዞም ደብዳቤታት ድሕሪ ምክያድ፡ ኮምሽን፡ ንመርመራታታ ዝምልከት ጭቡጥ ሓበሬታ ከም ዘይምልኡ ደምዲማ።

እቲ ጸብጻብ፡ “እቲ ኣብ ኤርትራ ሳሕቲ ንዝበጽሕን ነቶም ኣብ ክፋላት እታ ርእሰ-ከተማ ዝተሓጽሩን ብግህዶ ዝረኣይ ግዳማዊ መልክዕ ህድኣትን ንቡርነትን፡ ምስቶም ብቐጻልነት ዝረኣዩ ከበድቲ ግህሰታት ሰብኣዊ መሰላት ዝገራጮ እዩ፡” ይብል።

እቲ ጸብጻብ ብምቕጻል፡ “እቶም ብ ኮምሽን ተሰኒዶም ዘለዉ ኣብ ኤርትራ ዝተፈጸሙ ዓይነታት ግሉሕ ግህሰታት ሰብኣዊ መሰላት … ኣብ ጽርግያታት ኣስመራ ኣይኮኑን ዝፍጸሙ፡ እንታይ ደኣ? ኣብ ድሕሪ ሽፋን መናድቕ መዳጎኒ ማእከላትን ወተሃደራዊ መሰልጠኒ ማእከላትን። መስቀይትን ጾታዊ ዓመጽን ከም ንቡር ኣብ ክፉት ዝፍጸሙ ገበናት ኣይኮኑን፡” ይብል።

ሽሕ’ኳ ናብ መንግስቲ ኤርትራ ሕቶ እንተቕረበት፡ ኮምሽን ናብ ኤርትራ ንኽትኣቱ ፍቓድ ኣይረኸበትን። ኮምሽን፡ ናብ ኤርትራ በጺሓ ዝደሓረ ርኽበታታን ርእይቶታታን ብቐጥታ ናብ መንግስቲ ኤርትራ ከተቕርብ ድልውነታ ተረጋግጽ።

ተፈጸመ

Leaked document show government estimates over half a million will sign petition denouncing UN human rights report on Eritrea

An Eritrean whistleblower that goes by the name Samuel has recently started publishing leaked government documents through a Facebook page: SACTISM: Classified documents of the dwindling PFDJ.

On April 20, SACTISM posted a seven-page document, in Tigrinya language, of a letter by Eritrean Ministry of Foreign Affairs detailing a government plan to collect over 300,000 signatures from Eritreans for a petition that denounces the UN Commission of Inquiry and its ‘fabricated’ reports.

The letter, dated 12th of April 2016, is addressed to “All Eritrean missions” and to “Eritrean consulates in Canada and Australia” with copies to “(1) Coordinating committee; (2) Coordinator of Action Europe, Ambassador Fisehatsion Petros; and (3) Eritrean permanent representative to the UN, Ambassador Ghirma Asmerom

The letter urges the responsible to collect signatures starting from 16th of April until 27th of May 2016 and fulfill their respective country’s “quota“. The document lists 25 countries including the Scandinavia region and sets the target number of signatures for the petition.

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Target numbers of signatures to collect from Eritrean citizens residing abroad from the leaked government letter.

These numbers are perhaps indicative of the number of Eritreans in those countries (most of them as refugees or political asylees), and the level of influence and leverage the government believes it has on its citizens residing in each country.

The document details that this ‘drive’ is overseen by a certain “Global Eritrean Action for Justice” and all reports and copies of petitions are to be sent to it via email (eritreanglobalmekete@gmail.com). The letter also indicates that a peaceful rally will be held in relation to this petition sometime between 21st and 23rd of June.

Perhaps an interesting point is when the letter explains how the ‘drive’ will be mobilized. It indicates that “every citizen will take the petition form and collect signatures from their neighbors, friends, workmates and so on.” furthermore it indicates that during this mobilization, citizens will be “helped by groups, organizations and unions who will be leading the action.” It will be curious to know who those groups, organizations and unions are since most government organizations claim they are mere civic organizations with no political affiliation to Eritrean regime. In fact, in a recent well-publicized case, a member of one such Eritrean organization sued a Dutch professor for defamation because she claimed he has association with the Eritrean government (details of the incident here and here).

This also suggests that the signatures will be collected in a similar manner the 2% ‘diaspora tax’ is collected and Eritrean refugees are forced to sign a ‘letter of regret’ at Eritrean embassies and consulates. That is, through extortion.

The petition form reads:

“We, the undersigned reject the fabricated Reports of the Commission of Inquiry and the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights situation in Eritrea and request immediate nullification of the Reports and termination of their mandates, and instead promote constructive engagement!”

petition

The petition form. Appendix 2 of the leaked document

 

A copy of the leaked document, which is written in Tigrinya language, can be downloaded here: Government_Petition2016_leak

What’s really ‘inside Eritrea’? a comment on the misuse of Millennium Development Goals records by the BBC World News and others

Because the government does not allow journalists into the country, reporting is often done by interpreting “the signs” from a distance.

The recent European migrant crisis has added to the curiosity about the African state of Eritrea[1].

Eritreans make up a huge proportion of migrants to Europe. In 2015, one-fourth of the migrants to reach Italy by boat were Eritreans[2]. These numbers are alarming given the population size of Eritrea. Eritrean population, estimated at six million, is only a fraction of the other top migrant-producing countries to Europe.

The suffering of Eritreans is an internationally well-recognized fact[3]. Migrants from Eritrea and Syria are the only two nationalities that have over 90 per cent asylum recognition rate in EU states[4]. This means the EU recognizes nine out of ten migrant from Eritrea as legitimate refugees that need protection from their own country. Continue reading

“Forgotten journalists” – The Guardian

A recent article published at The Guardian sees past the current migration crisis (issues that have brought Eritrea into the headlines) and goes back in time. Back to the time Eritreans experimented with speaking-up, to a time where some mistakenly believed there were alternatives to fleeing the country at any cost.

The article remarks imprisoned Eritrean journalists “forgotten”. It honors six of the at least 23 disappeared journalists with a brief biography leading to their arrest. The full article written by PEN Eritrea can be found here.

We speak therefore we are –Republic no.2

A monthly underground newsletter from inside Eritrea has it’s second issue. Republic, written in Tigrinya language, is critical of the government. Criticizing the government or it’s policies is a crime in Eritrea.
You can download this new issue from here (Repuplic_Eritrea_Vol2).

Click image to download Republic in PDF

Click image to download Republic in PDF

You can follow Republic newsletter on twitter.

Republic: underground newsletter from Eritrea!

A monthly newsletter being published inside Eritrea. An exiled Eritrean journalist shared the news on tweeter:

Click on image to access the January 2014 copy. I will share other versions as soon as I have them.The_republic_Eritrea

r-1

“Open your mouth for the mute” –Proverbs 31:8

An update about the campaign to show solidarity with persecuted Jehovah’s Witnesses in Eritrea:

“Open your mouth for the mute, for the rights of all who are destitute.” (Proverbs 31:8)

By making a public pledge of solidarity with the persecuted, you have opened your mouth for the mute–for the rights of the destitute.

Throughout the month of September (the 20 year anniversary of the imprisonment of  first Jehovah’s Witnesses) 239 Eritreans have signed the pledge acknowledging the inhuman treatment of Jehovah’s Witnesses by the Eritrean government and expressing their solidarity with the victims.

This pledge will have informed many, and reminded others, about the suffering of people back home and the level of human rights abuses in Eritrea.

Hopefully this pledge will encourage many to take a firm stand against human rights abuses and stir their hearts to do something about it. Continue reading

12 distinguished scholars respond to accusations

Dr. Maximilian Forte (an Associate Professor of Anthropology at Concordia University, Canada) has recently been aggressively defending an on-line article that accuses 12 distinguished scholars of research misconduct and conspiracy against a Nation. Following is a response by the accused 12 in defense of their work regarding Eritrea.

Academic Research, Intelligence Gathering, and Character Assassination: Is It the Same Everywhere?

We are among an international group of researchers – social scientists, historians, legal scholars and journalists – with decades of experience working on the Horn of Africa country of Eritrea and/or the Eritrean diaspora. We are citizens and/or residents of many countries: Eritrea, Canada, the US, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Norway, Italy, Germany, and the UK. While our perspectives and orientations differ, our research foci have largely converged around the critical interpretation of patterns of political intolerance precipitated by a militarized, authoritarian regime in power since 1991. Because of these patterns of intolerance we have all been targeted to varying degrees by the regime and its supporters – and sometimes its opponents as well. Some of us have been threatened physically and/or prevented from returning to Eritrea. Many of us have endured repeated attacks on our personal and professional integrity and efforts to discredit our research findings by suggesting that we are working as agents of foreign governments and/or intelligence agencies. In some cases information about our backgrounds and funding sources has been misrepresented to support conspiracy theories about our “real” motives or identities. Such dynamics are not unusual. In countries around the world – especially highly militarized ones, whether of the left, right, or neoliberal variety – researchers have faced similar efforts to discredit, silence, intimidate and curtail freedom of thought, information, and conscience. Continue reading