Leaked document show government estimates over half a million will sign petition denouncing UN human rights report on Eritrea

An Eritrean whistleblower that goes by the name Samuel has recently started publishing leaked government documents through a Facebook page: SACTISM: Classified documents of the dwindling PFDJ.

On April 20, SACTISM posted a seven-page document, in Tigrinya language, of a letter by Eritrean Ministry of Foreign Affairs detailing a government plan to collect over 300,000 signatures from Eritreans for a petition that denounces the UN Commission of Inquiry and its ‘fabricated’ reports.

The letter, dated 12th of April 2016, is addressed to “All Eritrean missions” and to “Eritrean consulates in Canada and Australia” with copies to “(1) Coordinating committee; (2) Coordinator of Action Europe, Ambassador Fisehatsion Petros; and (3) Eritrean permanent representative to the UN, Ambassador Ghirma Asmerom

The letter urges the responsible to collect signatures starting from 16th of April until 27th of May 2016 and fulfill their respective country’s “quota“. The document lists 25 countries including the Scandinavia region and sets the target number of signatures for the petition.

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Target numbers of signatures to collect from Eritrean citizens residing abroad from the leaked government letter.

These numbers are perhaps indicative of the number of Eritreans in those countries (most of them as refugees or political asylees), and the level of influence and leverage the government believes it has on its citizens residing in each country.

The document details that this ‘drive’ is overseen by a certain “Global Eritrean Action for Justice” and all reports and copies of petitions are to be sent to it via email (eritreanglobalmekete@gmail.com). The letter also indicates that a peaceful rally will be held in relation to this petition sometime between 21st and 23rd of June.

Perhaps an interesting point is when the letter explains how the ‘drive’ will be mobilized. It indicates that “every citizen will take the petition form and collect signatures from their neighbors, friends, workmates and so on.” furthermore it indicates that during this mobilization, citizens will be “helped by groups, organizations and unions who will be leading the action.” It will be curious to know who those groups, organizations and unions are since most government organizations claim they are mere civic organizations with no political affiliation to Eritrean regime. In fact, in a recent well-publicized case, a member of one such Eritrean organization sued a Dutch professor for defamation because she claimed he has association with the Eritrean government (details of the incident here and here).

This also suggests that the signatures will be collected in a similar manner the 2% ‘diaspora tax’ is collected and Eritrean refugees are forced to sign a ‘letter of regret’ at Eritrean embassies and consulates. That is, through extortion.

The petition form reads:

“We, the undersigned reject the fabricated Reports of the Commission of Inquiry and the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights situation in Eritrea and request immediate nullification of the Reports and termination of their mandates, and instead promote constructive engagement!”

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The petition form. Appendix 2 of the leaked document

 

A copy of the leaked document, which is written in Tigrinya language, can be downloaded here: Government_Petition2016_leak

ሓደሽቲ ስውኣት ፦ መንግቲ ኣብ ማእከል ኣስመራ ሰብ ይቐትል

ዝሓለፈ ሰንበት፡ 3 ሚያዝያ፡ መንግስትና ካብ ኣገልሎት (ግዱድ ዕስክና) ከምልጡ ኢሎም ካብ ተሰቒሎመን ዝነበሩ ናይጽዕነት መኪና ዘሊሎም ክሃድሙ ንዝፈተኑ መንእሰያት፡ ከምቲ ኣብ ዶባት ኤርትራ ዝገብርዎ፡ ብብረት ተኩሶም ሰብ ከም ዝጎድኡን፡ ካብቶም ዝተጎድኡ ድማ ዝሞቱ ከምዘለው ውን ብዝተፈላለየ ምንጭታት ክንገር ቀንዩ።

ጋዜጠኛ ማርቲን ፕላውት፡ ካብ ውሽጢ ኤርትራ ብዝረኸቦ ሓበሬታ  መሰረት፡ ክሳዕ ሕጂ ዝተፈልጠ 29 ሰባት ከም ዝጎድኡ፡ ካብኣቶም ሽዱሽተ ብቕጽበት ክሞቱ ከለዉ ካልኦት 5 ድማ ኣብ ሕክምና ከምዝሞቱ፣ እቶም ዝተረፉ ድማ ኣብ ‘ሆስፒታል’፡ ኣብ ትሕቲ ጽኑዕ ሓለዋ ከምዘለዉ ሓቢሩ። ማርቲን ኣብ ጽሑፉ ናይቶም ዝሞቱ ናይ ኩሎም ኣስማት ኣለኒ፡ ቤተሰብ ክሳዕ ዘይተርኡ ግና፡ ናይቶም ቤተሰቦም ዝተረድኡ ጥራይ ክነግርየ ብምባል ናይ ክልተ መንነት ገሊጹ፡ ንሳቶም ድማ፦

  1. ጨዓይ ሃብተስላሴ ገብረመስቀል — ኣብኡ፡ ኣቶ ሃብተስላሴ፡ ኣብ ዓዲ ጓዕዳድ ዝቕመጡ ናይ እንዳ ዓለባ ሰራሕተኛ ‘ዮም።
  2. ያፍየት ፍስሃየ መንገሻ — ኣብኡ ኣቶ ፍስሃየ ኣብ ማይተመናይ ዝቕመጡ ኮይኖም ምስ መጎዓዝያ ዝተተሓሓዘ ስራሕ ‘ዮም ዝሰርሑ።

እዞም ክልተ መወትቲ ካብቶም ክሃድሙ ክብሉ ዝተቐትሉ ኣይኮኑን፡ ኣብቲ እዋን’ቲ ኣብቲ ከባቢ ስለ ዝነበሩ ዝተለከሙ ግለሰባትዮም።

ካብቶም ተጎዲኦም ኣብ ሕክምና ዘለው 18 ሰባት ድማ፡ ናይ 10 ሰባት ኣስማቶም ከምዚ ዝስዕብ ይዝርዝር፦

  1. ዳዊት ሚካኤል
  2. ኣብራሃም ፍሰሃ
  3. ሃብቶም ግርማይ
  4. መድሃኔ ገብረመድህን
  5. ቢንያም ዘርኣይ
  6. ዮናስ ጠዓመ
  7. ሰዓረ ወልዳይ
  8. ዮናታን ዓንደሚካኤል
  9. ባሲልዮስ ዘምህረት
  10. ሳሙኤል ተክኤ

ናብቲ ኣርእስቲ ጽሑፈይ ክመለስ፡ መንግስትና ነቶም ብግፍዒ ዝቐተሎም ግለሰባት “ስውኣት” ብምባል’ዩ ክጽውዖም፡ እዚ ድማ’ዩ ዝገርም ነገር። ብመሰረት መንግስትና ነቶም ግዳያቶ “ስውኣት” ይብሎም፡ ከም ኡ ድማ ነቶም ምስ መንግስቲ ኮይኖም ሰብ ዝቐትሉ ኣብ ዝሞቱላ መ ዓልቲ “ስውኣት” ይብሎም። ቀታሊን ተቐታልን ስው ኣት ዮም። ዘስደምም።

እዚ ድሕሪ ሞትካ ዝወሃብ ናይ “መስዋእቲ” ሽመት፡ ንመንግስትና ኣዝዩ ‘ዩ ዝጠቕሞ። ማለት ቤተሰብ ግዳያት-መንግስቲ፡ ወገኖም ከም ገበነኛ፡ ከም ሓደ ዓማጺ ሰብ ብኢድ መንግስቲ ተቐቲሉ ክነሱ፣ መንግስትና ብወገኑ፡ ብዘዕባ’ቲ ዝቐተልዎ ከም ሓደ ምስ ኦም ዝነበረ፡ ከም መሳርሕቶም ቆጺሮም “ስውእ” ይብልዎ። በዚ ኸምዚ፡ ነቲ ክፉእ ስርሖምን ነቲ ብከንቱ ዝጠፍኤ ህይወትን ከነኣእስዎ ይሕግዞም። ወረ ምንእኣስ ጥራይ ኣይኮነን፡ “ጅግና”፡ “ሓበን”፡ ወዘተረፈ ቃላት ኢናተጠቀሙ… ካብኡ ሓሊፉምውን “ ሕድሪ ሰማእታት” እናበሉ ነቲ ዝገበርዎ ገበን ምንእኣሱ ጥራይ ዘይኮነስ፡ ካብኡ ሓሊፎም ንዕኦምሓደ ጠቓሚ ባእታ ገይሮምዎ ‘ዮም። በዚ መሰረት ሓደ ዓሰርተ ወይ ዕስራ ‘ስውኣት’ እንተወሰኹ፡ ንመንግስትና ይጠቕሞም እምበር ኣይጎድኦ ምንይ’ዩ።

Martyrs

ዐሰርቱ ትእዛዛት ሻዕብያ

  1. ካብ መግዛእቲ ዘውጻእኩኻ፡ ኣነ ኣምላኽካ እየ። ኣብ ቅድመይ ካልኦት ኣማልኽቲ ኣይሀልዉኻ።
  2. ፓርቲ ዘበለን ንርእስኻ ኣይትግበር። ብዝኾነ ምኽንያት ኣይትጠርነፍ፡ ኣይትተኣከብ።
  3. ስም ስውኣት ብኸንቱ ኣይተልዕል።
  4. ሃገራዊ ብዓላት ንኸተብዕል ሐልወን። ሰለስተን-ስሳን-ሰለስተን መዓልቲ ዕየ፣ ብዘይ ደሞዝ፣ ንሃገራዊ ብዓላት ግና ብሓጎስን ብጭፈራን ዘክረን።
  5. ኣብታ ምድሪ ዕድሜኻ ምእንቲ ኺነውሕ፡ ንሹማምንቲኻ ኣኽብር።
  6. ኣይትቕተል። እንተድልዩ ትሕቲ ብርኪ ተኩስ።
  7. ኣይትዘሙ። በዓል ስልጣን ኣይኮንካን።
  8. ኣይትስረቕ። ኩሉ ሃብቲን እታ መርየትን ንመንግስቲ እተቐደሰ’ዩ።
  9. ብሓሶት ኣይትመስክር። ናይ መርመራ ግዜ ከይናውሓካ።
  10. ዘይናትካ ዕረፍትን ሰላምን ኣይትመነ። ትምኒት ናይ ስግረዶብ ሓሳብ ትዘርእ እያ።

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ኣውሊዐይ ናበይ ከይዳ? — ስግረዶብ ይጥርጠር።

eri_flag2

ኣውሊዐይ ናበይ ከይዳ?

እታ እንኮ ሓላፍነታ ኣብ ማእከል ባንዴራና ምህላው ዝኾነ ቆጽሊ ኣውሊዐይ፡ ቅንያቱ ንስራሕ ከም ዘይተቐልቀለት ተፈሊጡ። ሃገራዊ ግቡኣ ጠንጢና ብስግረዶብ ተሸሪባ ከይትኸውን ይጥርጠር።

ኣውሊዐይ ንኹላቶም ባእታታት ባንዴራ ኤርትራ ትቕድሞም እያ፣ ብግድምና ። እቶም ካብ ፈለማ 1950ታት ጀሚሮም ዝፈልጥዋ ከምዚ ናይ ሎሚ ብጫ ካይኮነት’ዮም ዝዝክርዋ።

ወግዓዊ መዝገባት መንግስቲ ኤርትራ ንጉዳይ ምቅይያር ሕብሪ ኣውሊዐይ ኣመልኪቶም ዝህብዎ መብርሂ የልቦን፡ ይኹን ምበር ገለገለ ሰባት ሕብራ ዝቐየረት ኣንጻር ውልቀመላኽነት ተቓውሞ’ዩ ዝብሉ ኣለው (ኣነ)። ብምረት’ያ ቐምሲላ እምበር ሕብራ ኣይቀየረትን ዝብሉ ውን ኣለዉ። እዚ ኾይኑ እቲ፡ ኣውሊዐይ ነዚ ሎሚ ዝቐምሰለ ተስፋ ኤርትራውያን ብግቡእ ትለብሶ።

proportions

ሓደ ርብዒ መርየት ሓደ ርብዒ ባሕሪ፡ ክንዲ ክልቲኡ ዝከውን ዝፈሰሰ ደም።

ሓንሳብ ሓንሳብ ባንዴራና ትንቢታዊ መልእኽቲ ዝሓዘለት ኮይኑ ይስመዓኒ። ከምቲ ኣብ እዋን ስትራተጂካዊ ምዝላቕ፡ ኣብ 70ታት ኮይኖም ንናጽነት ዝተነበይዎ፡ ከምኡ ደኣ ኣብ 90ታት ኮይኖም ንሎሚ ተነብዮምልና ከይኮኑ? ሓደ ርብዒ ቆጽለዋይ (ሕርሻዊ መርየት)፡ ሓደ ርብዒ ሰመያዊ (ባሕሪና)፡ ክንዲ ክልቲኡ ዝኸውን ድማ ቀይሕ ፍሳስ ደም ኤርትራውያን።

ወረ እቲ ቆጽለዋይ ሕብራሲ፡ እቲ ኩሉ ኤርትራዊ ዝምነዮ ልሙዕ መርየት ኤውሮጳ ደኣ ኸይከውን? እቲ ሰመያዊ  ከኣ ነቲ ናብ ልሙዕ መርየት ክንበጽሕ ክንሰግሮ ዘሎና ባሕሪ መመልከተ። ኣብ ፈተነ ስግረዶብ ዝፈሰሰ ደም ውን ኣይወሓደን። ተነብዮምልና ብሓቂ።

Eritrean Official flag

ወግዓዊ ባንዴራ ኤርትራ (ካብ ፋይል)

 

ተጋዳላይ–ሲቪል:- ናይ ኤርትራ ኣፓርታይድ

ኣብ ኤርትራ ተጋደልቲ ናይ በይኖም ዓሌት ኣይኮኑን። ከምኡ ድማ ንሕና ሲቪል ዜጋታት ዓሌት ኣይኮንናን። ይኹን ደኣ እምበር ብመንጽር መንግስቲ ኤርትራ ተጋዳላይን ሲቪልን ክልተ ዝተፈላልዩ ደረጃታት ዜግነት እዮም። ነዚ ኣብ ሃገርና ንቡር ኮይኑ ዘሎ ኣፋላላይ ቀው ኢልና ምስ እነስተውዕሎ፣ ብብዙሕ መዳያቱ ምስ ስርዓት ኣፓርታይድ ይመሳሰል’ዩ።

ብዘመነ ኣፓርታይድ: ኣብ ደቡብ-ኣፍሪቃ: ጸዕዳ ምዃን ምንም ገበን የብሉን። ገበነኛስ እቲ ንጸዕዳ ደቡብ-ኣፍሪቃዊ ልዕሊ ጸሊም ደቡብ-ኣፍሪቃዊ ጌሩ ዝቖጽር ፈላላዩ ሕገ መንግስቲ እዩ።

ብዘመነ ኣፓርታይድ: ጸዕዳ ደቡብ-ኣፍሪቃዊ ምዃን ዓወትን ሃብትን፣ ወይ ድማ ካብ መንግስቲ ፍሉይ ክብረት፣ ፍሉይ ምትሕብባርን ሓገዝን ግድን የውህበካ ማለት ኣይኮነን። አረ ብዙሓት መደንገጽ ጸዓዱ ደቡብ-ኣፍሪቃውያን ነይሮምዮም። ብዙሓት ድኻታት ጸዓዱ ኔሮም: ብዙሓት ውጹዓት ጸዓዱ ኔሮም። እዚ ማለት ግን ኣፓርታይድ ኣይነበረን፣ ወይውን እቲ ስርዓት ኣፓርታይድ ድኹም’ዩ ኔሩ ማለት ኣትይኮነን።

ብተመሳሳሊ ኣብ ሃገርና ሎሚ: ብዙሓት ዘይጠዓሞም፣ መደንገጽ፣ ተጋደልቲ ኣለዉና። ኩሎም ተጋደልቲ ኣብ ስልጣን ዘይምህላዎም፣ ወይ ውን ኩሎም ተጋደልቲ ጥዒምዎም ዘይምህላዉ ምልክት ድኽመት “ኣፓርታይድ” ኣብ ኤርትራ ክኸውን ኣይክእልንዩ።

ብመንጽሩ ግና: ሓደኳ ሲቪል በዓል ስልጣን ዘይምህላዉ ንህላወ “ኣፓርታይድ” ኣብ ኤርትራ የርእየና። ኣብ ኤርትራ: ኩሉ ዝርኤ ስልጣናት (ከምኒ ኣመሓዳሪ፣ ሚኒስተር፣ ኣምባሳደር)፣ ከምኡ’ውን ኩሉ ‘ዘይርኤ’ ስልጣናት (ብድሕረ መድረክ ኣብ’ቲ ውልቀ-ምልኪ ጽልዋ ዘለዎም፣ ወይ ከኣ ዘተግብሩ) ብ ተጋደልቲ እዩ። እዚ “ኣፓርታይድ” ወለዶ ውን ይሰግርን እናሰገረን እዩ። ንኣብነት ነቲ መንግስቲ ልዕል ዝበለ ተኣማንነንት (loyalty) የድልዮ ንዝበሎ ናይ ወተሃደር-ነፋሪት ምብራር (ፓይሎት) ናይ ትምህርቲ ዕድል ንሲቪል መንእሰይ በጭራሽ ኣይወሃብን።

ከምቲ ኣቀዲመ ዝበልክዎ: ብዘመነ ኣፓርታይድ: ኣብ ደቡብ-ኣፍሪቃ ጸዕዳ ምዃን ምንም ገበን የብሉን። ግናኸ ጸዕዳ ደቡብ-ኣፍሪቃዊ ኮንካ ብኣካይዳ ኣፓርታይድ ዘይምጉሃይ፣ ዘይ-ጸዓዱ ዜጋታት ክግፉዑ ርኢኻ “ዓገብ” ዘይምባል፣ ብፍላይ ይብደሉ ምህላዎም ዘይምእማን፣ ወዘተ. ተኻፋሊ ወይውን ተጠቃሚ ግፍዒ ኣፓርታይድ ይገብረካ እዩ።

ተጋዳላይ፣ ወዲ-ተጋዳላይ ወይ ውን ዕባይ ቤት-ትምህርቲ-ሰውራ ምዃን ገበን የብሉን። የግዳስ ብግብርካ ወይ ውን ብዘይ ምግባርካ: ብ ስቕታኻ: ተኻፋሊ “ኣፓርታይድ”፣ ወይ ከኣ ተጠቃሚ ግፍዒ “ኣፓርታይድ” ኣብ ኤርትራ ክትከውን ኣዝዩ ዝከኣልዩ።

 

Eritrean president and  high ranking officials at Independence Day celebration in Asmara May 24, 2007.

Eritrean president and high ranking officials at Independence Day celebration in Asmara May 24, 2007. All high ranking government officials are former soldiers of the EPLF group.

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ነዚ ኣብ ሃገርና ንቡር ዝኾነ ተጋዳላይ–ሲቪል ምፍልላይ ዜጋታት: “ኣፓርታይድ” ክትብሎ: ቃልብቓሉ ቅኑዕ ኣጸዋውዓ ኣይከውንን። ኣፓርታይድ (Apartheid) ዝብል ቃል ቀንዲ መቦቆሉ ካብቲ ኣብ ኣብ ደቡብ-ኣፍሪቃ ካብ 1948 ክሳዕ 1990 ዝነበረ: ማዕርነት ጸዓዱን ጸለምትን ዜጋታት ዘየኽብር ሕገ መንግስቲ እዩ። ካብዚ ዝነቐለ ድማ ሎሚ ሓደ ምምሕዳር ኣብ መንጎ ዜጋታት ሃገሩ: ዓሌታዊ ኣፈላላይ ምስ ዝገብር “ኣፓርታይድ” ብዝብል ንገልጾ።

Is Eritrea a tiny country?

Eritrea is not quite a tiny country. In terms of land area (excluding water bodies) there are just as much smaller countries in the world as there are larger ones. Although far below the mean, Eritrea covers an area slightly larger than the median.

Eritrea’s estimated population of 6 million is  far below the mean (33 million), but this is because few countries have extremely huge population. By population size Eritrea lies almost at the median of all countries. This means if you were to line up all the approximately 200 countries by their population size, starting from China all the way to Tuvalu, Eritrea would rank 100–give or take a few.

With an area of 101,000 sq. Km (39,000 sq miles), Eritrea lies just above the median of all countries. (Data from World Bank Database).

With an area of 101,000 sq. Km (39,000 sq miles), Eritrea lies just above the median of all countries as shown in this histogram. (Data from World Bank Database).

The 2013 estimated population of Eritrea is 6 million. Just about half of wold countries have population below that. (Data from Wold Bank Database)

The 2013 estimated population of Eritrea is 6 million, just about half of wold countries have population below that. (Data from Wold Bank Database).

 

The perceived ‘smallness’ of Eritrea that many assume is, I believe, mainly because of its insignificance in world stage (politics, economy, trade, etc.). And not so much because of mere size.

Considering the amount of world news headlines Eritrea is  making (refugees tragedies, kidnappings, organ harvesting, etc.) and the nuisance we have become to far away countries (from Israel in the Middle East to the European Union and UK in the West),  it might not be long before our country’s size is realized. Ironic that we should achieve our dream of world recognition in this way.

By the same standards, Eritrea’s ‘smallness’ is not quite the excuse for the many hardships and conflicts we continue to face throughout our history.

12 distinguished scholars respond to accusations

Dr. Maximilian Forte (an Associate Professor of Anthropology at Concordia University, Canada) has recently been aggressively defending an on-line article that accuses 12 distinguished scholars of research misconduct and conspiracy against a Nation. Following is a response by the accused 12 in defense of their work regarding Eritrea.

Academic Research, Intelligence Gathering, and Character Assassination: Is It the Same Everywhere?

We are among an international group of researchers – social scientists, historians, legal scholars and journalists – with decades of experience working on the Horn of Africa country of Eritrea and/or the Eritrean diaspora. We are citizens and/or residents of many countries: Eritrea, Canada, the US, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Norway, Italy, Germany, and the UK. While our perspectives and orientations differ, our research foci have largely converged around the critical interpretation of patterns of political intolerance precipitated by a militarized, authoritarian regime in power since 1991. Because of these patterns of intolerance we have all been targeted to varying degrees by the regime and its supporters – and sometimes its opponents as well. Some of us have been threatened physically and/or prevented from returning to Eritrea. Many of us have endured repeated attacks on our personal and professional integrity and efforts to discredit our research findings by suggesting that we are working as agents of foreign governments and/or intelligence agencies. In some cases information about our backgrounds and funding sources has been misrepresented to support conspiracy theories about our “real” motives or identities. Such dynamics are not unusual. In countries around the world – especially highly militarized ones, whether of the left, right, or neoliberal variety – researchers have faced similar efforts to discredit, silence, intimidate and curtail freedom of thought, information, and conscience. Continue reading

Correspondence with an Anthropologist

(Updated 9/17/2014)

Dr Maximilian Forte recently shared an article which he believes is very important. He shared Sophia Tesfamariam‘s recent blog on Zero Anthropology Facebook page with the following note:

“This article outlines and denounces the work of US anthropologists in Eritrea in US-funded campaigns backing political opposition in the country. The author of the piece [Sophia Tesfamariam] is a prominent Eritrean American activist. Those involved in the AAA [American Anthropological Association] should have a close look and perhaps consider further action.

He later posted an essay at ZeroAnthropology.net explaining why he considers her work very important:

…in light of the controversy that erupted with the publication of Sophia Tesfamariam’s outline and condemnation of western anthropologists working to support regime change in her native Eritrea…

Dr Maximilian Forte is an Associate Professor of Anthropology at Concordia University, Canada.

Given these circumstances, I decided on a quick read of Sophia Tesfamariam’s publication. In her most recent post, Sophia uncovers information on the identity of funding agencies that support the work of several Western scholars that write on Eritrea. To the readers’ surprise she discovered that Western agencies are the major funding sources of Western scholars. Previously this information was only available by accessing the scholars’ academic CV or LinkedIn profile.

As an example, Sophia gives the names and brief outline of nine distinguished scholars: Tricia Redeker Hepner, Dan Connell, Frank Smyth, David Bozzini, Victoria Bernal, Maryan Van Reisen, Jennifer Riggan, Sara Dorman, Kjetil Tronvoll.

***

Dr. Maximilian C. Forte

Dr. Maximilian C. Forte

As a matter of principle I do not engage with government sympathizers. I believe that anyone unable to comprehend the suffering of Eritrean people until now probably does not deserve my time.

An exception to the rule, I decided to confront Dr Forte. Following is the “correspondence” that ensued in the comment section of his ZeroAnthropology.net posting and continued on Zero Anthropology Facebook page (switched to Facebook after my last comment on the website did not appear): Continue reading