Leaked document show government estimates over half a million will sign petition denouncing UN human rights report on Eritrea

An Eritrean whistleblower that goes by the name Samuel has recently started publishing leaked government documents through a Facebook page: SACTISM: Classified documents of the dwindling PFDJ.

On April 20, SACTISM posted a seven-page document, in Tigrinya language, of a letter by Eritrean Ministry of Foreign Affairs detailing a government plan to collect over 300,000 signatures from Eritreans for a petition that denounces the UN Commission of Inquiry and its ‘fabricated’ reports.

The letter, dated 12th of April 2016, is addressed to “All Eritrean missions” and to “Eritrean consulates in Canada and Australia” with copies to “(1) Coordinating committee; (2) Coordinator of Action Europe, Ambassador Fisehatsion Petros; and (3) Eritrean permanent representative to the UN, Ambassador Ghirma Asmerom

The letter urges the responsible to collect signatures starting from 16th of April until 27th of May 2016 and fulfill their respective country’s “quota“. The document lists 25 countries including the Scandinavia region and sets the target number of signatures for the petition.


Target numbers of signatures to collect from Eritrean citizens residing abroad from the leaked government letter.

These numbers are perhaps indicative of the number of Eritreans in those countries (most of them as refugees or political asylees), and the level of influence and leverage the government believes it has on its citizens residing in each country.

The document details that this ‘drive’ is overseen by a certain “Global Eritrean Action for Justice” and all reports and copies of petitions are to be sent to it via email (eritreanglobalmekete@gmail.com). The letter also indicates that a peaceful rally will be held in relation to this petition sometime between 21st and 23rd of June.

Perhaps an interesting point is when the letter explains how the ‘drive’ will be mobilized. It indicates that “every citizen will take the petition form and collect signatures from their neighbors, friends, workmates and so on.” furthermore it indicates that during this mobilization, citizens will be “helped by groups, organizations and unions who will be leading the action.” It will be curious to know who those groups, organizations and unions are since most government organizations claim they are mere civic organizations with no political affiliation to Eritrean regime. In fact, in a recent well-publicized case, a member of one such Eritrean organization sued a Dutch professor for defamation because she claimed he has association with the Eritrean government (details of the incident here and here).

This also suggests that the signatures will be collected in a similar manner the 2% ‘diaspora tax’ is collected and Eritrean refugees are forced to sign a ‘letter of regret’ at Eritrean embassies and consulates. That is, through extortion.

The petition form reads:

“We, the undersigned reject the fabricated Reports of the Commission of Inquiry and the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights situation in Eritrea and request immediate nullification of the Reports and termination of their mandates, and instead promote constructive engagement!”


The petition form. Appendix 2 of the leaked document


A copy of the leaked document, which is written in Tigrinya language, can be downloaded here: Government_Petition2016_leak

How to involve the 99%: Ideas for Eritrean diaspora movements

Life of the 100% vs. the 2%. Bottom photo: Government supporters celebrate visit of Eritrean dictator Isaias in New York Sept. 2011. Top strip: life of the majority Eritreans

Life of the 100% vs. the 2%. Bottom photo: Government supporters celebrate visit of Eritrean dictator Isaias in New York Sept. 2011. Top strip: life of the majority Eritreans

People will not invest even one cent if they do not believe there is a chance of success. On the other hand people risk all if they believe what they are doing is going to make a difference.

In this regard, history is not on our side. Looking back at how Eritrean opposition organizations have performed the past decades, the cost simply isn’t worth the product for many Eritreans.

With the above in mind, many who involve in activism against the regime join out of desperation, “let’s all just oppose the regime!” they shout, “our brothers and sisters are dying! What are we doing!?” Many don’t seem to have sober long term plan. Many don’t seem to have come to terms that the regime has a couple of decades left—the way things are going.

“The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing” (Edmond Bruke, 1729-1797).

Nowhere else has this statement been as true as in the case of recent Eritrea.

It matters less what evil people are doing compared to what the good people are NOT doing. It is very important we focus on getting the good men and women of Eritrea to do some-thing. And focus less on trying to convince the evil people to do less bad (YPFDJ included).

Good news: Eritrea has many good women and men. The reservation of most to actively or passively involve in organized opposition or activism is frustrating. The main reason in my opinion is that people lack faith in the ability of already existing organizations (political or civic) to make a difference.

The credit for recent increase of Eritrean diaspora involvement in opposition goes mostly to Eritrean government for creating conditions for outrage so great that it had to be let out despite the discouraging organizational mess that exists within the opposition.

Below I present a list I made about two years ago—less than a year after I left Eritrea.  It is on some practical ideas I think diaspora organizations should find interesting to involve more good women/ good men:

“Don’t tell me what you stand for. Tell me what you do!”  (Dan Connell to the Eritrean Opposition)

It is much easier for people to join in on an on-going project. Especially if:

  1. they can see where exactly they can contribute
  2. they can readily join – little hassle (paperwork, meetings, etc)
  3. project has clear and time-bound goals(example: producing an event poster, or arranging a meeting place)
  4. last but not least people must believe what they are doing is useful

Attending a seminar by Dan Connell last September in Oakland, CA, a statement caught my attention. He was describing his visit to Eritrean refugee camps in Ethiopia and later meeting the thirty something opposition organizations there. He wasn’t shy to show his low opinion of most organizations. He said he asked the opposition organizations this: “Don’t tell me what you stand for. Tell me what you do!”

Help them make the decision

Most Eritrean diaspora are victims of years oppression under the guise nationalism and patriotic duty. Trying to pressure them into opposition is never a good idea. Help them make the decision.

Small steps at a time

Everyone goes through stages to becoming involved. I suggest involving new members in small activities first. Especially things they can do anonymously.

Anonymity can be our friend

Even at a later stage of involvement in opposition, everybody in an organization does not need to be ‘visible’ to contribute significantly. Concerns about family back home is a legitimate fear for any Eritrean. Until people feel the risks are worth what they are doing, don’t push people who don’t feel comfortable to come out publicly. Plus, the government spends unbelievable energy trying to figure out the opposition structure and influential members, why give it the information away for free.

No sales talk

It is always tempting to ‘emphasize’ ones success a little too much, especially in the face of government supporters trying to trash every effort. But sales pitch comes at the expense of trust. Trust is more important. Statements like “Successful meeting” seem to be thrown around routinely among the opposition. Tendency to avoid giving number of protestors or size of an event when those numbers are not to the organizations favor is also damaging.

Strike where it matters

Nothing deflates the enthusiasm and moral than involving people in something of little effect. Don’t just do things to involve people (even  in protests, arguments on internet, even holding seminars) Everything costs time, money and morale. Ask if is it really worth it?

Thick skin

This is another way of seeing the above point (strike where it matters). Eritreans are depressed by the atrocities committed by the government and frustrated with the opposition. Anything an opposition group does is long overdue. Nothing short of removing the government is going to impress Eritreans. Keep that in mind and don’t be disappointed and distracted by people who will be unfairly hostile, especially when you fail.


ጉዳይ ናይ ኢንተርነት ትሮል

ዓበይቲን ልዙባትን ሰባት አብ ዝመያየጡሉን ሓበሬታ ዝቀያየሩሉን ናይ ኢንተርነት ገጻት: ኮነ ኢልካ ዕግርግር ምፍጣር ኣብ ኤርትራውያን ጥራይ ዝተወሰነ ኣይኮነን:: እኳ ደኣ ኣዝዩ ዘስፋሕፍሐ ተርእዮ ኮይኑሲ አብ መዝገበቃላት ቛንቛ ኢንግሊስ “ትሮሊንግ” ዝብል ስም ተዋሂብዎ::

ብዛዕባ ትሮል ንምርዳእ: ከምቲ ልሙድ መጀመርያ ን ውክፔድያ እየ ተወኪሰ:-

“In Internet slang, a troll is someone who posts inflammatory,extraneous, or off-topic messages in an online community, such as a forum, chat room, or blog, with the primary intent of provoking readers into an emotional response or of otherwise disrupting normal on-topic discussion.”

ብመሰረት መዝገበ-ቃላት ትግርኛ: “inflammatory”: “ኣነዳሪ፡ ኣቖጣዒ፡ ኣረሳሳኒ” ክትርጎም ከሎ: “extraneous” ከኣ “ዘይዛመድ ወይ ግዳማዊ” ይትርጎም:: ስለዚ ትሮል ማለት:- አብ ናይ ኢንተርነት መርበብ: ከም ርእይቶ ዝጸሓፍ: ኮነ ኢልካ ንኣንበብቲ ብምቑጣዕ ናብ ባእስን ዕግርግርን ንምእታው ዝግበር ኣረሳሳኒ ጽሑፍ እዩ:: ዕላማ ትሮል ነቲ ዝነበረ ዝርርብ ኣርእስቱ ብምስሓት ናብ ከንቱ ምምልላስን ክትዕን ንምእታው እዩ::

ሕጽር ብዝበለ: ኣብ ኢንተርኔት ትሮሊንግ ማለት ንሰባት “ምርሳን” ማለት እዩ:: እቲ መራሰኒ ዝጽሕፍ ግለ-ሰብ: ወይ ውን ነቲ መራሰኒ ጽሑፍ ከኣ “ትሮል” ንብሎ ማለት’ዩ::

መራሰኒ ጽሑፍ ክዕወት እንተኾይኑ ከማልኦ ዘለዎ ነጥብታት አሎ:-
(1) ኣንበብቲ ኮነ ኢሉ ብተንኮል ዝተጻሕፈ ጽሑፍ ምዃኑ ክፈልጥዎ የብሎምን:
(2) ንኣንበብቲ ከነድሮም እሞ ነቲ መራሰኒ ንክምልሱሉ ወይ ውን ንኸረድኡዎ ኢሎም አብ ከንቱ ምምልላስ ክኣትዉ:: ከምኡውን ብሕርቃን ዘይ-ውርዙይ ዘረባን ኣዘራርባን ከርእዩ አለዎም::

በዚ ኸምዚ እቲ አራሳኒ አብቲ ገጽ ዝነበረ ቁምነገር: ኣርእስቱ ከም ዝስሕት ይገብር:: እቶም ዝተዓሸው ሰባት ብሕርቃን ብምዝራብ ርዝነት ሓሳባቶምን: ክብረቶምን ከም ዝጎድል ይኸውን:: ከምኡድማ በቲ ስምዒታዊ ዘረብኦም ዝጉዳእ አንባቢ ‘ውን አይሰኣንን::

መራሰንቲ ብውልቂ ጥራይ ዘይኮኑስ ሓንሳብ ሓንሳብ ብ ጉጅለ ይዓዩ እዮም: እዚ ተግባር “colluding” ይብልዎ:: ነዚ ንምግባር መጀመርያ ካብቶም መራሰንቲ ሓደ ፈሊጡ ብግልጺ ዘቖጥዕ መራሰኒ ጽሑፍ/ርእይቶ ይጽሕፍ:: እቶም መሻርኽቱ ከኣ ተቐቢሎም: ልክዕ ከም ተራ አንበብቲ ተመሲሎም ነቲ መራሰኒ ጽሑፍ ክድግፉን ምስ ካልኦት ክካትዑን ይጅምሩ:: በዚ ኸምዚ ናይ ምርሳን ዕላምኦም የተግብሩ::

ኣብዚ ከምዚ ዝበለ አምላኽ ዘይፈትዎ ስራሕ ዝነጥፉ ሰባት ከመይ ዝበሉ እዮም? ካብቲ በዚኦም ዝመጽእ ጉድኣትከ ብኸመይ ንከላኸል? ብዙሓት ሊቃውንቲን ሰብ ሞያን ነዚ ሕቶታት’ዚ ቅድሜና ሓቲቶም’ዮም::

ንመራሰንቲ ዘተባብዖም ነገር: ኣብ ኢንተርኔት ሓቀኛ መንነቶም ስለዘይጥቀሙ: አይንፍለጥን ኢና ዝብል አተሓሳስባ እዩ:: ካብዚ ብምብጋስ: አካያዲ ስራሕ ፌስ-ቡክ ነበር ኣቶ ራንዲ ዙከርበርግ ከምኡውን ሓላፊ ጉግል ኣቶ ኤሪክ ሽሜት: ብ “ብርዒ-መንነት” ተጠቒምካ ርእይቶ ምጽሓፍ ጠሪሱ ክኽልከል አለዎ ዝብል ርእይቶ አቕሪቦም ኔሮም:: እንተኾነ ብዙሓት ሰባት ናይ ብርዒ-መንነት ምክልኻል ዝብል ሓሳብ ብትሪ ይቃወምዎ::

ናይ ብርዒ-መንነት ምኽልካል ማለት: ንድምጺ ብዙሓት ምስጢር ዓመጽቲ ዘቃልዑ (whistle-blowers) ከምኡ ውን ንዓማጺ ስርዓት ዝቃወሙ (dissidents) ምዕባስ እዩ ኢሎም ከኣ ይምጉቱ::

ንውዲት መራሰንቲ ብኸምይ ንከላኸል?

ኣቶ ማይክ ድራክ* ዝተባህለ ሓደ ናይ ኮምፑተር በዓል ሞያ: “ንመራሰንቲ ናብልቦም ንምምላስ ብፍቕሪ ክትሓቑፎም ጥራይ’ዩ ዘድሊ:” ይብል: “ምኽንያቱ አብ ናይ ምርሳን ስራሕ ዝዋፈሩ መሳኪን: ብንእስነቶም ፍቕሪ ዘይጸገቡ ‘ዩም” ኢሉ ሓውሲ ቀልዲ ጌሩ ይምዕድ::

ውዲት መራሰንቲ ንምፍሻል: እዘን ዝስዕባ አርባዕተ ሓበሬታታት ኣዝየን ጠቐምቲ እየን:-

ሸለል ምባል:: ንኣንባቢ ከቖጥዕ ኢሎም ዝጸሓፍዎ ርእይቶ: ከም ዘየለ ሸለል ምባሉ ን መራሰንቲ ዝዓበየ ጽፍዒት እዩ::

ኣብ ክትዕ አይትእቶ:: እንተደአ ምስ ሓደ መራሰኒ ከይከውን ዝጠርጠርካዮ ሰብ ክትመላለስ ጀሚርካ: ርእይቶኻ ብዝተኻእለ ጭብጢ ዘለዎን ነቲ ቀንዲ ዘልዓልካዮ ነጥቢታት ዘነጽርን ጥራይ ግበሮ:: ኣስተውዕል ትጽሕፎ ዘሎኻ ርእይቶ ንኻልኦት አንበብቲ ውን’ዩ:: መራሰኒ ሰብ መብዛሕትኡ ግዜ ኣብ ካልኣይ ወይ ሳልሳይ መልሱ እንዳነጸረ ክመጽእ’ዩ:: አብ ከምዚ እዋን ምምልላስ ተቛርጽ::

ምእንቲ ከተድህበሎም ኢሎም ክምጉሱካ ከለው ተጠንቀቕ:: መብዛሕትኡ ግዜ ምእንቲ ከተድህበሎም እሞ ምስኦም ዘረባ ክትጅምር ኢሎም: መራሰንቲ ሓደ ክልተ ናይ ውዳሴ ቃላት ክጽሕፉልካ ተኽእሎ ኣሎ:: አስዒቦም ግና አነዳሪ መጥቃዕቶም ክጅምሩ ስለዝደለዩ እዩ::

ካብ ኣርእስቲ ዝቕይር ርእይቶ ተጠንቀቕ:: መራሰንቲ መብዛሕትኡ ግዜ ምስቲ ዘሎ ዝርርብ ዘይሳነ: ዘነድር ሓሳብ የምጽኡ:: ብተወሳኺ ብዛዕባ እቲ ዝዝረብ ኣርእስቲ ርእይቶ ወይ አፍልጦ ስለ ዝጎድሎም ካብ ሓደ አርእስቲ ናብ ካልእ ናይ ምንጣር ባህሪ የርእዩ:: ምስኦም ስቕ ኢልካ አይትውሓዝ::

መራሰንቲ ኣይትመግብ!

መራሰንቲ ኣይትመግብ!

For more on trolls I suggest this blog.

ናብራ ኤርትራዊ ስደተኛ ብዘይ facebook እንታይ ምመሰለት?

ንኤርትራዊ: ተቓውሞኡ ዝገልጸሉን ብዛዕባ ለውጢ ዝዛረበሉን ናይ ኢንተርኔት መርበባት(ከምበዓል facebook groups) እንተዘይ ህሉ ኔሩ ናብራ ኤርትራዊ ስደተኛ ክንደይ ምተቐየረ?
ተቓውሞና ብዘይ ስክፍታ ክንገልጸሉ እንኽእል መድረኻት ( ከምእኒ በዓል Eritrean Youth Solidarity for Change ን መሰልቱን) አብ ፌስቡክ ካብ ዝቕልቀሉ ንብዙሓት ኤርትራውያን ምቹእ መራኸቢ መድረኽ ፈጢሮም አለዉ::
ብመሰረቱ: አብ ፌስቡክ ምንጣፍ ዕላምኡ ነቲ አብ ባይታ ክንገብሮ ዝግበኣና ንጥፈታት ንምሕጋዝ እዩ:: (ኣብ ‘ባይታ’ ክብል ከለኹ ነቲ ካብ ናይ ፌስቡክ-ዓለም ወጻኢ ዝግበር ዕዩ ማለትይ እዩ: ንኣብነት:- ኣብ ሰለማዊ-ሰልፊ ምስታፍ: ገንዘብ ምሕጋዝ: ንሰበ ስልጣናት ወይ ንማዕከናት ዜና ምርኻብ: ወ.ዘ.ተ.)::

ኣድላይነትን ጥቕምን ፌስቡክ ርዱእ ኮይኑ: አብ ፌስቡክ ምንጣፍ ገለገለ ኣሉታዊ ጎድንታት ክህልዎ ከኣ ይኽእል እዩ:: ኣብ ኢንተርነት ምንጣፍ ነቲ አብ ባይታ ክንነጥፎ ዝግበኣና ከዘንገዓና ወይ ውን ከባኹረና ተኽእሎ ኣለዎ:: ኣነ ብውልቀይ ገለገለ ግዜ ይሓስብ:- ተቓውሞይ አብ ኢንተርነት ዝገልጸሉን ዝላዘበሉን መድረኽ እንተዘይህልወኒ እንታይ ምገበርኩ? ምናልባትዶ ምስ ኻልኦት ኣብ ከባብየይ ዝርከቡ ኤርትራውያን ብኣካል ምተራኸብኩ እሞ: ሓቢርና ብንኡስ ዓቕምና ገለ ዝዓበየ ቁምነገር ምገበርና ንኸውን: ኢለ ይሓስብ::

ካብዚ ተበጊሰ እምበኣር ናትኩም ርእይቶኹም ንምፍላጥን ንምግምጋምን ነዚ ዝስዕብ ሕቶ አብ ምምላስ (poll) ክትሳተፉ ብትሕትና ይሓተኩም:-

ብተወሳኺ ዘለኩም ርእይቶ ወይ ውን ክህሉ ኔርዎ እትብልዎ ምርጫ እንተሎ: አብዚ አብ ታሕቲ ዘሎ ናይ ርእይቶ ቦታ ግደፉለይ: ብቕልጡፍ ክምልሰልኩም ክፍትን እየ::